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Henri Fayol Part 2
Some powerpoint slides:
Some Interesting Links:
Social Science Info Gateway
Working With People and Teams - SQA Unit
Henri Fayol - Classical Management Theory
Henri Fayol was one of the first theorists to claim/believe that
Management was an acquired skill and was a key figure in the
turn-of-the-century, Classical School of Management theory. He outlined
five main functions of managers which were based on a much broader 14
Principles of Management
The Functions of a manager were:
1. To Plan
and these were based on the premise of the principles of management:
1. division of labour
Looking at both these groupings in greater detail.
Centralisation is covered in another page. However, briefly,
Centralisation in terms of what Fayol thought, was essential to the
organisation and was simply a natural consequence of organising.
Centralisation concerns itself with the modes of control over the actions
of the organisation.
Scalar chain/line of authority/Chain of Command concerns itself with
the reporting relationships in an organisation from top executive to the
ordinary worker. Its main premise is that it is sensible, clear and
Order is a slightly old fashioned term. In some ways it is difficult to
define in general terms. To all intents and purposes it means that an
organisation "should" provide an orderly place for each individual member.
It is based on the premise that workers need to see how their role fits
into the organisation and be confident enough to be able to predict the
organisations behaviour towards them. Therfore policies, rules,
instructions and actions should be understandable and understood. Order
also implies steady evolutionary movement rather than wild, unpredictable
movement which in today's work environment would suggest that there is no
place for Fayols theory.
Equity simply means an "across the board" fairness and a sense of
Stability of tenure. This is perhaps a difficult concept to understand
in todays economic and job climate. Fayol believed (as do many modern
writers) that stability of tenure promotes loyalty to the organisation,
its purposes and values. In effect a harder working, more able worker.
initiative should be encouraged. Of course that is not to say that a
worker can simply do his own thing (as that wouldn't fit in with the other
principles). It simply means that workers should be encouraged (after
consultaition with appropriate authority) to contribute to the
organisation in terms of development and new ideas.
esprit de corps is again an old fashioned term and one which is used
more often today is team spirit. This is a huge area which would require
much more than a few brief lines to do it justice. However, it concerns
itself with the need for building and maintaining of harmony among the
work force , team work and sound interpersonal relationships.